02.08.2019-892 views -Pre The spanish language Era
The Filipinos occupied settlements called barangays prior to the colonization with the Philippines by the Spaniards. While the unit of government, a barangay consisted coming from 30 to 100 people. It was headed by a datu and was independent in the other organizations. (The Tagalog word barangay came from the Malay term balangay, your own boat that transferred them to the islands. )
Usually, several barangays settled near one another to help the other person in case of war or any unexpected emergency. The position of datu was passed on by the holder of the position towards the eldest son or, if perhaps non-e, the eldest daughter. However , after, any member of the barangay could be chieftain, based on his talent and ability. He had the usual required leading and protecting the members of his barangay. In turn, they'd to spend tribute for the datu, help him till the property, and help him fight for the barangay in the case of war.
In the old days, a datu had a council of elders to advise him, especially when he wanted a law to be enacted. The law was written and announced towards the whole barangay by a town crier, called the umalohokan.
The People's Best practices. Pre-college Philippine textbooks instruct that the simply written laws and regulations of pre-colonial Philippines that have survived are definitely the Maragtas Code and the Code of Kalantiaw, both well prepared in Panay. Some historians believe that the Maragtas Code was written by Datu Sumakwel, one of the chieftains from Borneo who settled there. Concerning the Code of Kalantiaw, it was said to have been enacted by the third chief of Panay and possibly a descendant of Datu Sumakwel, Rajah Kalantiaw, in 1433. T. Henry Jeff, however , provides disputed the authenticity in the Code of Kalantiaw.
Classes of Society. There were four classes of contemporary society. They were the ruling course (datu), the freemen and notable individuals (maharlika), the commoners (timawa), and the household and slaves (alipin). The alipin had been of two kinds: the aliping namamahay, who were household servants, and the aliping saguiguilid, who were servant workers.
Clothing and Ornaments. The natives currently wore clothing and personal ornaments. The men dressed in short-sleeved and collarless jackets, whose length reached slightly below the stomach. The color in the jacket appeared to indicate the positioning of the user in society, e. g., red to get the chief, and blue or perhaps black for all those below him, depending on the social class. Pertaining to the lower part, they will wore a bahag, a strip of fabric wrapped surrounding the waist, moving between the thighs. Their legs and thighs were remaining exposed.
A piece of towel wrapped around the head, called a putong, offered as a headgear. The kind of putong one dressed in was important. For example , a red putong meant the wearer had wiped out a man in war whilst one who experienced killed by least several people signified so by putting on an stitched putong. In addition they wore bracelets, armlets or kalombiga, jewelry, rings, and anklets, generally made of rare metal and valuable stones.
The ladies upper garment was a sleeved jacket, known as baro. Over their skirt (saya or perhaps patadyong) was wrapped a strip of fabric called tapis. They also put on gem-studded bracelets, necklaces, jewelry, and precious metal earrings.
Tattoos were part of the human body ornaments of pre-Hispanic Filipinos, men and women alike. These were as well sported since war " medals. вЂќ The more tattoos, the more impressive was a male's war record.
The Filipinos through the Visayas Islands were the most tattooed, which has been why early on Spanish authors referred to them as Pintados or coated people. The writers reported their Islands as Islas del Pintados or Islands of the Coated People.
Rice plus more Rice. Cultivation was the early on Filipinos' primary means of livelihood. They also grew an abundance of rice, sugarcane, natural cotton, hemp, coconuts, bananas, and many other fruits and vegetables. Terrain cultivation was by tilling or by kaingin program. With the kaingin system, the land was cleared simply by burning the shrubs and bushes. There after, it was rooted...